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2017MBA培训管理类联考英语(二)真题及答案
发布时间:2018-08-09  来源:本站  浏览数:0 

Section I  Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

People have speculated for centuries about a future without work. Today is no different, with academics, writers, and activists once again   1   that technology is replacing human workers. Some imagine that the coming work-free world will be defined by   2  : A few wealthy people will own all the capital, and the masses will struggle in an impoverished wasteland.

A different and not mutually exclusive   3   holds that the future will be a wasteland of a different sort, one   4   by purposelessness: Without jobs to give their lives   5  , people will simply become lazy and depressed.   6  , today’s unemployed dont seem to be having a great time. One Gallup poll found that 20 percent of Americans who have been unemployed for at least a year report having depression, double the rate for   7   Americans. Also, some research suggests that the   8   for rising rates of mortality, mental-health problems, and addiction   9   poorly-educated, middle-aged people is a shortage of well-paid jobs. Perhaps this is why many   10   the agonizing dullness of a jobless future.

But it doesn’t   11   follow from findings like these that a world without work would be filled with unease. Such visions are based on the   12   of being unemployed in a society built on the concept of employment. In the   13   of work, a society designed with other ends in mind could   14   strikingly different circumstances for the future of labor and leisure. Today, the   15   of work may be a bit overblown. Many jobs are boring, degrading, unhealthy, and a waste of human potential, says John Danaher, a lecturer at the National University of Ireland in Galway.

These days, because leisure time is relatively   16   for most workers, people use their free time to counterbalance the intellectual and emotional   17   of their jobs.When I come home from a hard days work, I often feel   18  , Danaher says, adding, In a world in which I dont have to work, I might feel rather different” – perhaps different enough to throw himself   19   a hobby or a passion project with the intensity usually reserved for   20   matters.

1. [A] boasting [B] denying [C] warning [D] ensuring

2. [A] inequality [B] instability [C] unreliability [D] uncertainty

3. [A] policy [B] guideline [C] resolution [D] prediction

4. [A] characterized [B] divided [C] balanced [D] measured

5. [A] wisdom [B] meaning [C] glory [D] freedom

6. [A] Instead [B] Indeed [C] Thus [D] Nevertheless

7. [A] rich [B] urban [C] working [D] educated

8. [A] explanation [B] requirement [C] compensation [D] substitute

9. [A] under [B] beyond [C] alongside [D] among

10. [A] leave behind [B] make up [C] worry about [D] set aside

11. [A] statistically [B] occasionally [C] necessarily [D] economically

12. [A] chances [B] downsides [C] benefits [D] principles

13. [A] absence [B] height [C] face [D] course

14. [A] disturb [B] restore [C] exclude [D] yield

15. [A] model [B] practice [C] virtue [D] hardship

16. [A] tricky [B] lengthy [C] mysterious [D] scarce

17. [A] demands [B] standards [C] qualities [D] threats

18. [A] ignored [B] tired [C] confused [D] starved

19. [A] off [B] against [C] behind [D] into

20. [A] technological [B] professional [C] educational [D] interpersonal


以上答案仅供大家参考





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